62 THE FATE OF MAN betrayed. He has ceased to be the supreme value : he has been replaced by values which are really beneath him in the scale. Our epoch faces the question of whether man shall continue to exist, or be replaced by quite another being, produced by class and social, or racial and national training. There is a difference between Italian Fascism and German Naziism in both style and symbol- ism. The Italian Fascism is based upon the symbol and myth of the state as the higher being and the supreme value; it strives to continue the Roman tradition and is classic in style. In fact it is much better, much less tyrannous, than German National-Socialism, although its deifica- tion of the state is a patent return to paganism. German National-Socialism is based upon the symbol and myth of the race as a higher form of being and the supreme value. It loves to talk of the spirit of the German people, of the earth, of the mystical significance of blood : its style is romantic. The state is only an instru- ment in the hands of nationality and the race. But this touches the inner being of man far more vitally than the fascist ideology of the state. The development of a pure and powerful race becomes a maniacal, pathological idea, something which demands a psycho-analysis of the whole people which has fallen into a state of collective insanity and demoniac possession.